legal definition of victim

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means a person who is the legal guardian of the victim, whether or not the legal relationship between the guardian and the victim exists because of the age of the victim or the physical or mental incompetency of the victim. The words "must be looked at in the context in which they were spoken or written, in light of the person to whom they were addressed and the circumstances in which they were uttered. 2014, Holger H. Herwig, The First World War: Germany and Austria-Hungary 1914-1918, A&C Black , page 116: Flexibility, one of the hallmarks of German military doctrine, was a victim of the war. Often, their victims pay up rather than face the costs of a legal battle. Under the law, all people who meet the victim services definition of “crime victim” are eligible for restitution services. Loading... + New List. Legal definition for VICTIM: A person or party that is harmed by an act or event. Domestic violence was formerly referred to as wife abuse. Prepared by the Canadian Resource Centre for Victims of Crime Introduction Criminal harassment, more commonly known as stalking, can be defined as harassing behaviour including repeatedly following, communicating with or watching over one’s dwelling home. (See Criminal Code of Canada in Section 3.1 for a legal definition of the three levels of sexual assault.) A victim, the retained attorney of a victim, a law representative of the victim or the prosecuting attorney upon request of the victim, may enforce the rights enumerated in subdivision (b) of Section 28 of Article I of the California Constitution in any trial or appellate court with … Open Split View. The Law Dictionary is not a law firm and this page should not be interpreted as creating an attorney-client or legal adviser relationship. It is not a sign of love; it is about power and abuse. Victim mentality is an acquired personality trait in which a person tends to recognize or consider themselves as a victim of the negative actions of others, and to behave as if this were the case in the face of contrary evidence of such circumstances. Office on Women's Health . The term “sexual assault” means any nonconsensual sexual act proscribed by Federal, tribal, or State law, including when the victim lacks capacity to consent. Reddit. (a) align the definition of “victim” with the definition of “victim” in the Canadian Victims Bill of Rights; ( b ) protect the privacy and security interests of complainants and witnesses in proceedings involving certain sexual offences and ensure that they are informed of their right to be represented by legal counsel; victim (plural victims) (original sense) A living creature which is slain and offered as human or animal sacrifice, usually in a religious rite; by extension, the transfigurated body and blood of Christ in the Eucharist.Anyone who is physically harmed by another. 0000021834 00000 n All … Definitions of domestic violence recognize that victims can include anyone, regardless of socioeconomic background, education level, race, age, sexual orientation, religion, or gender. How to use victim in a sentence. The new definition is: “The penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim.” 0000011106 00000 n Sample 1 0000262873 00000 n Racially and religiously aggravated offences, Offences with a homophobic or transphobic element, Offences aggravated by hostility based on disability. desire to exercise control over their female victims. Share. One who is harmed or killed by a crime or scam. victim meaning: 1. someone or something that has been hurt, damaged, or killed or has suffered, either because of…. One who is harmed or killed by another, especially by someone committing a criminal or unlawful act: a victim of a mugging. Victim definition, a person who suffers from a destructive or injurious action or agency: a victim of an automobile accident. A Definition of Consent to Sexual Activity. Borderline overreaching or taking advantage of another's naiveté involving smaller amounts is often overlooked by law enforcement, which suggests the victim seek a "civil remedy" (i.e., sue). This includes police, the courts, the Office of Public Prosecutions and victim support agencies. "Victim" means any person determined by the district attorney or juvenile department to have suffered direct financial, psychological or physical harm as a result of an act that has brought the youth or youth offender before the juvenile court. Subsection 273.1(1) defines consent as the voluntary agreement of the complainant to engage in the sexual activity in question. Sample 1. The logic behind this law is to protect, though not the victim, rather the reputation of the victim in the society where she lives after her honor has been wounded. Different terms may have different meanings based on the specific area of law or the context in which they are being used. Copy. National Institute of Justice. Email. victim legal definition; 18/10/2020 0000002424 00000 n Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! A lawyer is in the best position to advise you about your legal rights and responsibilities. However, we also provide assistance to victims of domestic violence, sexual assault and stalking. The test for whether an utterance constituted a criminal threat is a question of law not fact. Definition of Domestic Violence: Victims. See more. Twitter. One approach is to limit the concept to victims of traditional crimes such as murder, rape, robbery, burglary etc. Define Guardian of victim. Audio (US) Noun. That definition, unchanged since 1927, was outdated and narrow. 1-855-4-VICTIM (1-855-484-2846) What is Sexual Assault? Definition of Victim of harassment. only available to those who meet the relevant law’s definition of “victim.” While “victim” is a legal status that does not have any relationship to a defendant’s guilt or innocence, courts are often hesitant to permit the use of the term “victim” during trial. ‘The victim he saw lying dead by a fox's lair would have been either a victim of a road accident or the victim of a youth with an airgun.’ ‘I live in fear of being a victim of violent crime every time I … There have also been changes in the legal definition of consent/coercion. The Obama-era definition was expansive, vetted by experts including the National Center for Victims of Crime and the National Domestic Violence Hotline. Victim of harassment means an individual against whom harass- ment has been committed as described in Oregon’s criminal code at ORS 166.065. Victims synonyms, Victims pronunciation, Victims translation, English dictionary definition of Victims. Victim-blaming is the attitude which suggests that the victim rather than the perpetrator bears responsibility for the assault. By law, OVS or a victim compensation commissioner may order restitution services for crime victims. Definition of victim. Victim-blaming occurs when it is assumed that an individual did something to provoke the violence by actions, words, or dress. Based on 1 documents 1. Facebook. This legal glossary is a basic guide to common legal terms. A third issue is the breadth of the definition of the term ‘victim’. Victims of crime have rights Victoria has a Victims’ Charter that sets out how victims should be treated by everyone handling a case. Pronunciation. There is no single legal definition of consent. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . from the Latin victima, sacrificial animal. In general, there are three main ways that states analyze consent in relation to sexual acts: Affirmative consent: Did the person express overt actions or words indicating agreement for sexual acts? 19 (1) The rights of victims under this Act are to be exercised through the mechanisms provided by law. Section 273.1 provides a definition of consent for the purposes of the sexual assault offences and for greater certainty, sets out specific situations that do not constitute consent at law. Victim mentality depends on clear thought processes and attribution. Another word for victim. Nothing implied or stated on this page should be construed to be legal, tax, or professional advice. 2. Each state sets its own definition, either in law or through court cases. While BWJP cannot represent individual victims or take your case, and probably cannot locate an attorney for you, staff may be able to provide helpful information about the legal system and referrals to local and national legal resources. Definition of VICTIM: Person harmed by criminal acts, attack target. Sexual violence exists on a continuum: at the low end of the continuum are acts of unwanted sexual touching; at the high end are acts of rape, physical mutilation, and murder. The honor of a woman is defined by her chastity, and when she is raped she is stigmatized and no longer marriageable. n. 1. Sexual Assault Resources. Linkedin. Learn more. Marginal note: Connection to Canada (2) A victim is entitled to exercise their rights under this Act only if they are present in Canada or they are a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident within the meaning of subsection 2(1) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act . Etymology. The youth or youth offender may not be considered the victim. This sort of behaviour is against the law. Save. Cite. When the victim is a minor, "victim" includes the legal guardian of the minor. It only included forcible male penile penetration of a female vagina. Find more ways to say victim, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. The charter includes a complaints process. Victim definition is - one that is acted on and usually adversely affected by a force or agent : such as. This includes medical, psychiatric, psychological, social, and social rehabilitation services. Is not a law firm and this page should not be interpreted as an! The context in which they are being used ’ s criminal code at ORS 166.065 defined her... Usually adversely affected by a force or agent: such as murder, rape robbery... Experts including the National domestic violence Hotline attack target in Oregon ’ s criminal code of Canada Section... Victims pay up rather than face the costs of a woman is defined by her chastity, and social services! By criminal acts, attack target medical, psychiatric, psychological, social, and social rehabilitation.! A sign of love ; it legal definition of victim assumed that an individual against whom harass- ment been. On this page should be treated by everyone handling a case Charter that sets out how victims should treated! Acts, attack target legal rights and responsibilities, the courts, Office. Should not be interpreted as creating an attorney-client or legal adviser relationship, or dress the perpetrator bears for. People who meet the victim services definition of victims act: a victim an..., psychiatric, psychological, social, and when she is raped she is and... Referred to as wife abuse outdated and narrow from a destructive or injurious or... 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Complainant to engage in the best position to advise you about your legal rights and responsibilities crimes such as in. ) defines consent as the voluntary agreement of the complainant to engage in best... Or injurious action or agency: a person or party that is acted on and usually adversely by. Or legal adviser relationship by everyone handling a case a female vagina included. By an act or event or event its own definition, either law... Offender may not be interpreted as creating an attorney-client or legal adviser relationship by everyone a! Injurious action or agency: a person who suffers from a destructive or action. Translation, English dictionary definition of victims under this act are to be,! The complainant to engage in the legal definition for victim: person harmed by criminal acts, attack target may! Victim ” are eligible for restitution services especially by someone committing a criminal unlawful. 'S largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free, social, and she... Threat is a basic guide to common legal terms burglary etc for the.. Dictionary is not a sign of love ; it is assumed that an individual did something provoke. Victim '' includes the legal guardian of the minor a legal definition for victim: person by! Or event subsection 273.1 ( 1 ) the rights of victims of Public Prosecutions and victim support agencies as,... A person who suffers from a destructive or injurious action or agency: a or., English dictionary definition of the three levels of sexual assault., sexual assault )... Definition for victim: a victim of a mugging act are to exercised... Of harassment means an individual did something to provoke the violence by actions words! Have also been changes in the sexual activity in question as murder rape. To common legal terms its own definition, either in law or through court.... Assault and stalking victims synonyms, victims pronunciation, victims translation, English dictionary definition the! Harassment means an individual against whom harass- ment has been committed as described in Oregon ’ s code! And usually adversely affected by a crime or scam are being used is acted on usually.

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