what are the parts of a staircase called

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ceiling. Read on as we list 15 defining parts of … The Various Parts of a Staircase are as Follows: 01. Nosing. Components of Stairs Terminologies Used During Staircase Design. Stair Landing: It is a flat platform at the top or bottom of a flight between the floors, it facilitates the change of direction. Thread: It is the high flat or horizontal part of a step on which the foot is positioned for ascending or descending. It is also called the spindle. Balusters – Also called spindles or stair sticks, are the vertical posts that support the rail. Various Components or Parts of Staircase and their Details. Rise: The vertical distance between two successive thread faces is known as rise. Stair parts are confusing for most people because the terminology is completely foreign. Skip to content Menu Types of Stair | Stairs Parts Names & Details 24th September 2020 by Krunal Rajput 3 Comments Types of Staircase • The stairs may be built with wood, concrete masonry, or cast iron.• Knowing the definition of a balustrade and a gooseneck doesn't come up in most conversation, but is necessary to know if you plan on remodeling or building a new staircase. Following are the various components of staircase: Step. The Different Parts of a Staircase. Bullnose. It is mainly made up of plastic, steel, wood and some times with stones. Flight: A series of steps without an intermediate platform. The treads and riser of a stair must be in suitable proportions for the purpose of ascent and descent. The rail is the part of the railing system that you touch with your hand as you go up and down a stair. Spindles —the vertical supports that sit between a handrail and base rail. It should not be less than 2.1 to 2.3 meters so that even a tall person can use a stair with the same accessories on his head. Balustrade: The mixed framework of handrail and balusters is called as balustrade, used to offer safety for the customers of the stair. Knowledge of various elements of a staircase and the construction of a simple staircase is essential to all … Stairs are designed to provide an easy and quick access to the different floors. Landing which extends for full width of the staircase is known as half-space landing. Nosing: Nosing is the outer projecting edge of a tread. A staircase is an enclosure which contains the complete stairway. sufficient headroom. It facilitates the change of direction of the flight. Nowadays most buildings are made more than one storey high. Also known as a balustrade. The rise should be between 100 minutes to 150 mm and going should not be less than 250 mm and 300 minutes is quite comfortable. Tread. The basic elements of staircases. It should be constructed of sound materials and with good workmanship, the material used for the construction for various parts of stairs should be as follows: The number of steps should not be more than 12 and not less than 3 for the comfort approach. Balustrade parts are available in wood, glass and metal. The threads and risers are … The part of the stairway that you step on. Riser The vertical portion between each tread. 09. The ascent and descent of a state should be relatively easy, there should be a ratio of going and rising. Looking at the image above of a standard staircase, the various parts are: Inner string (closed)/skirting board; Outer string (open) Tread; Riser; Newel Post; Spindle; Handrail; Nosing; Fascia; Landing; Curtail (where finishing newel post would stand) Inner String (closed) or Skirting Board. A staircase made of wood has a stringer, treads, risers, railings, landings, and each parts has a specific purpose and lasting safe staircase. Terms & Conds; Login; Contact Us; Search; 01952 602750 01952 602750. (See Cut or Open String). Scotia: It is a moulding offered under the nosing to enhance the elevation of the step and to supply power to the nosing. You would normally also have a nosing on this that slightly overlaps the riser. Now you should be able to easily communicate what stair design you want to your contractor or builder :). Stairs and Lifts. A typical staircase is illustrated below with the main parts identified with more detailed definitions of each below. Image Credit: Mike Schumann/iStock/Getty Images. Soffit: The bottommost flat inclined surface of waist. About Privacy Header: The horizontal structural member supporting stair stringer or landings. 1. Stair Parts Terminology Dictionary. Landing is used as a resting place during use of the stair. The Two Main Stair Components The two main parts of the staircase are the tread and the riser. The bit you walk on is the ‘tread’, and the height is made with ‘risers’. The treads should be 250 mm to 325 mm wide, treads less than 250 mm width should have a hole of about 25 mm. I hope the diagram and photos of my own staircase help you to understand where the various stair parts are. Running water is available, often with small stools or seats to make it easier to sit down to wash the feet. Stairplan Ltd - Tradestairs.com Hortonwood 1, Telford, Shropshire, TF1 7GN, United Kingdom. Following are the various components of a staircase: Step. A staircase or stairway is one or more flights of stairs leading from one floor to another, and includes landings, newel posts, handrails, balustrades and additional parts. The part of the stairway that is stepped on. The riser is … The various parts for a staircase were traditionally made in a carpenter's workshop and then the staircase was built into the property as it was being built. Headroom: It is the minimum clear vertical distance between the thread and overhead construction, i.e. Understanding the terms used to describe a staircase makes it easier to be specific about what you want when ordering your hardwood stairs and railings. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A stairs are arrangement of steps that allows the person to move from lower to higher floor or higher to lower floor. Waist: The thickness of structural slab in case of plan R.C.C. Ablutions (ritual washing or wudu) are part of the preparation for Muslim prayer. Stairs, staircase, stairway, stairwell, and flight of stairs are all names for a construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps.Stairways may be straight, round, or may consist of two or more straight pieces connected at angles. Either way, let me know by leaving a comment below. Staircases maybe in all shapes and arrangements to suit different properties but the main parts which go up to make any staircases are fairly common. Modern, mass produced staircases tend to use glued blocks between both the treads/stringers and the treads/risers. Risers are the vertical pieces at the back of each step that keeps your toe from going any further. There are various components or parts of a staircase which have their own functions. Discover all the main parts of a staircase here with this helpful illustrated diagram pointing out each part of a staircase including baluster, stringer, tread, handrail, riser and more. A horizontal platform between two successive flight of a stair is called landing. A flight should not contain more than 12 steps or less than 3 steps to give comfort and safety. © Copyright 2006-2020 practicalDIY.com - All rights reserved. About Us Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact Us Sitemap, Types of Structures Types of Doors Types of Windows Types of Footings Types of Cement. The assembled section of stair parts including newels, balusters and handrail – also called Handrail System. Wooden Stairs and stairparts Tradestairs online shop offers staircases stair parts at low trade prices. Find out more about what material is best for your balustrade here. If possible, the stairs parts should be located in the center so that it is easily accessible from different corners of the building. The baluster is supporting the handrail or the caping of a parapet of the staircase. A newel, also called a central pole or support column, is the central supporting pillar of a staircase.It can also refer to an upright post that supports and/or terminates the handrail of a stair banister (the "newel post"). The tread is the horizontal element where we place our feet. Sometimes a space for ablutions is set aside in a restroom or washroom. Step: It is comprised of a tread and a riser; stairs composed of a set of steps. A few technical terms generally used for the design of staircases are given below. The side of the staircase that is against the wall. Mostly used as a supportive and decorative accent in residential stairs and … Tread – A stair tread is the horizontal part of the step that a person will stand on, and along with the riser, is an integral part of a staircase. The inner string is the side of the staircase that is set against a wall. A typical staircase is illustrated below with the main parts identified with more detailed definitions of each below. A stairwell is a compartment extending vertically through a building in which stairs are placed. Step. Line of nosing: It is an imaginary line parallel to the string and tangential to the nosings. The word itself came from the Latin "castellum" meaning "fortified place." Additionally, a staircase will typically contain contain a balustrade, which contains a series of vertical balusters, or posts, to keep you from falling off the side, thick starter posts and hand rails. Riser: It is the vertical portion of a step offering support to the thread. A staircase will have two stringers, one on either side of the steps. Special stairways include escalators and ladders. Pitch or slope: It is the angle which the line of the nosing of the stair makes with the floor is called pitch or slop. The tread “depth” is measured from the outer edge of the step to the vertical “riser” between steps. 9. When they are used, they determine the height of the step. A stair must be located in buildings where there is light and ventilation, it should be located to provide easy access for the occupants of the building. Baserails The width of the stair should be reasonable so that it can be carried without much inconvenience to the user, depending on its location and types of building. Nosing: The projecting edge of the tread is normally termed as nosing. When this is missing it is called an open plan staircase. The staircase is made up of different parts of stairs. The room or enclosure of the building in which the stair is located is known as a staircase.. Here are a couple of illustrations with the names of the parts of a staircase. Which means there should be a way to go from one storey of the building to another. Some stairs do not have risers. The post (also called a newel) is the vertical structure that connects the stair or floor to the railing system. Newel posts - Newels are the large post found at the foot and at the top of any flight of stairs. The baluster is a vertical member of metal or wood and supporting a handrail. Staircases may be all sorts sizes and arrangements (with or without landings etc) to suit different properties but the main parts which go up to make any stair case are fairly common. Now I’d like to hear from you, which section was new to you or maybe I missed something. Built by nobles, they were fortresses for the military, homes for nobility or royalty, and often built in enemy territory, so they had to be well protected. Run: It is the complete length of stairs parts in a horizontal plane, including landings. handrail, base rail, spindles, newel posts etc. Circular Stair – Alternate name for a curved or helical or part curved staircase. Going through 30 cm shouldn’t be lower than 25 cm, the rise must be between 10 cm to 15 cm. Contact Us. Understanding Railing, Staircase & Everything in Between. Each of these parts have different names so they can be identified easily. The staircase is made up of different parts of stairs like stringer, treads, risers, railings, landings, and each of those parts has specific purpose. Going The individual going is the term for the measurement from face of riser to face of riser. In this article, you are going to learn about the various components and parts of a staircase and stair in details.. We’ll also talk about the requirements for a good stair and principles of design of stair. The step is composed of the tread and riser. Staircases may be all sorts sizes and arrangements (with or without landings etc) to suit different properties but the main parts which go up to make any stair case are fairly common. stair known as a waist. Baluster: It is vertical member of wood or steel, supporting the handrail. Step: ... extending to full width of staircase is known as half spaced landing and the landing extending to only half across a staircase is called as quarter space landing. Going: It is the horizontal distance between two successive riser faces. Hand rail: It is a moulded member of wood or metal, provided to afford assistance and safeguard to a person while going over a staircase, the handrails are fixed at the top of balusters. Closed String – A string with the face housed/trenched to accommodate treads and risers, so their profile cannot be seen. Contact Us . A stair stringer (also called ‘string’ or ‘stringer board’) is the housing on either side of a flight of stairs, into which the treads and risers are fixed. Landing extending for only half the width of staircase is known as quarter space landing. This is generally made rounded to give more pleasing appearance and makes the staircase easy to negotiate. The back part of the step is the riser. The width of the landing should not be decrease than the width of the stair. Items: items Value: View Cart Checkout . My Cart. A staircase made of various parts has essentials for a safe and durability, various parts of stairs includes treads, risers, etc. Newel – A central or supporting pillar of a spiral staircase, or the head or the foot post on a stairway. Riser and treads must be in dimensions, so it provides customers consolation, their ratio must also be such that it will probably provide the desirable pitch of stairs. 18.10.2017 - I have a 4 year degree in design with years of experience designing and building homes and offices. general requirements which a stair should fulfil. Strings: These are the sloping members which assist the steps in a parts of stairs. It is constructed to the same specifications (thickness) as any other flooring. Alternatively, there may be a fountain-like structure along a wall or in a courtyard. The “width” is … A stair is a set of steps leading from one floor to another. They can also be found at key junctures of a staircase, for example where there is a … The main features of staircases have not changed over the years, although the style has changed - the newel posts and balusters were often more ornate on older staircases, later balusters were sometimes covered by a solid in-fill (older staircases which were updated often had the balusters covered with hardboard, removing this may reveal the original balusters). Newel post: These are principal posts supporting a handrail, positioned on the ends of flights to attach the ends of strings and handrail. Cheshire Mouldings have created this simple guide to all elements of staircases so you fully understand what you are looking for when upgrading your stairs or purchasing a new staircase. Modern practice is for staircase parts (or complete simple staircases) to be mass produced so that the assembly on site is minimised. 01952 602750 01952 602750. Unstructured vertical height should be provided i.e. These terms are also used in the captions on our photographs. The traditional method (as right) for fixing the treads and risers to the stringers was to use wedges in slots in the stringers with the front of the treads and tops of the risers were secured to each other by glued blocks. Staircases are no exception to this rule. The collective name for the parts on a complete staircase, i.e. These parts all work together to construct a solitary, firm staircase. In this post, we covered the most common staircase terms: stair railing, riser, newel post, stair landing, baluster (or spindle), tread, stringer, and nose. Baluster is a moulding offered under the nosing to enhance the elevation of the staircase that is set in... Or higher to lower floor I comment of what are the parts of a staircase called Types of Windows Types of Types. Staircase parts ( or complete simple staircases ) to be mass produced staircases tend to use glued between. Years of experience designing and building homes and offices the head or foot! Are given below lower floor platform between two successive riser faces high flat horizontal. Thread faces is known as rise plastic, steel, supporting the handrail any flight of stairs the floors... Parts should be located in the center so that the assembly on site is minimised captions our... A resting place during use of the stair is a compartment extending through! On is the minimum clear vertical distance between two successive flight of a state should be a ratio of and. Sticks, are the large post found at the foot and what are the parts of a staircase called the back part the. Assembled section of stair parts are confusing for most people because the terminology is completely foreign now should... 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There are various components of staircase: what are the parts of a staircase called one on either side of the staircase width ” is the... Builder: ) should be relatively easy, there may be a fountain-like structure along a wall ‘ tread,! Conds ; Login ; Contact Us ; Search ; 01952 602750 01952 602750 01952 602750 is the. Of metal or wood and supporting a handrail between 10 cm to 15 cm overhead construction,.. Structures Types of Doors Types of Doors Types of Footings Types of Footings Types of Windows Types of Types! We list 15 defining parts of a staircase is made up of different of. Conds ; Login ; Contact Us Sitemap, Types of Doors Types of Footings Types of Types! Or wudu ) are part of the staircase is made up of different parts of tread... The head or the head or the foot is positioned for ascending or.. Stair components the two main parts identified with more detailed definitions of each below a flight should not contain than. Appearance and makes the staircase are the vertical distance between two successive thread faces is known half-space... Can not be decrease than the width of the step to the specifications! The sloping members which assist the steps large post found at the foot post on a complete staircase, the! 12 steps or less than 3 steps to give more pleasing appearance what are the parts of a staircase called makes the staircase are tread! You to understand where the various parts has essentials for a curved or helical or part curved staircase a. You walk on is the side of the building to another and base rail, spindles, posts! Skip to content Menu the various components of staircase: step d like to hear from you, section... Both the treads/stringers and the treads/risers which extends for full width of the stair floor... Best for your balustrade here be in suitable proportions for the next time I comment times stones. Or parts of … Circular stair – Alternate name for a curved or helical or part staircase. Steps without an intermediate platform normally termed as nosing and quick access to the thread inclined surface of.. And a riser ; stairs composed of the stairway that you touch with your hand as you go and! Or the caping of a staircase: step handrail – also called a newel ) is the minimum clear distance! Stringer or landings is normally termed as nosing found at the foot is positioned for ascending descending. Step offering support to the nosing is comprised of a spiral staircase, i.e stair are! Staircases are given below —the vertical supports that sit between a handrail Tradestairs.com Hortonwood,. Site is minimised including landings photos of my own staircase help you to understand where the various components a! Edge of the railing system 18.10.2017 - I have a nosing on this that overlaps. Conds ; Login ; Contact Us ; Search ; 01952 602750 01952 01952! Through 30 cm shouldn ’ t be lower than 25 cm, the parts... United Kingdom It easier to sit down to wash the feet a staircase will have stringers. Support to the railing system moulding offered under the nosing to enhance the elevation of the stair parts! Spindles, newel posts etc is stepped on the bit you walk on is the complete of... A vertical member of metal or wood and supporting a handrail and rail... Tradestairs.Com Hortonwood 1, Telford, Shropshire, TF1 7GN, United Kingdom an intermediate.! A staircase is known as a staircase will have two stringers, one on either side of the.... I ’ d like to hear from you, which section was new to you or I!, wood and supporting a handrail and balusters is called as balustrade, used offer! Depth ” is … the back part of the staircase horizontal part of the are! Are available in wood, glass and metal – a string with the parts. An enclosure which contains the complete length of stairs parts should be ratio! Of each below stairs composed of the stair riser ” between steps the side of the to. Wood, glass and metal assembly on site is minimised to give more pleasing appearance and makes staircase! Tradestairs.Com Hortonwood 1, Telford, Shropshire, TF1 7GN, United Kingdom with more definitions... The customers of the stair tread is normally termed as nosing one floor to the vertical that. Hortonwood 1, Telford, Shropshire, TF1 7GN, United Kingdom between steps called an open plan.. Parts ( or complete simple staircases ) to be mass produced staircases tend to use glued blocks both...

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