how many seahorse species are there

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Some suppose that there are perhaps as many as three million different species of insects in the world. Marine biologists use the following characteristics to help identify the various species of seahorses. New species are still being discovered as divers explore further into unknown waters. They are deliberately taken from the sea by the Curio … They are called seahorses because of their horse-like heads even their scientific name is based on the Greek word for horse (Hippocampus). In many areas there is an outright … Seahorses swim using their modified pectoral fins and their dorsal fin. There are many different ways to target feed seahorses. These species are in the same class of bony fish (Actinopterygii), such as salmon or tuna, and in the same family as sea dragons and pipefish. “Finding Africa’s first pygmy seahorse is a reminder that there could be other undiscovered species out there and the fact we know very little about the seahorse family.” Identifying characteristics of dwarf seahorses include a high, knob- or column-like coronet, mottled skin that is covered in tiny warts, and sometimes filaments extending from their head and body. But generally what is agreed is that there are around 39 or 40 species of seahorses. 2007). Pacific seahorses can be a variety of colors, including green, brown, … There are currently around 35 recognized seahorse species. These bony fish can be found, from 50 degrees north to 50 degrees south latitude, mostly living in the West Atlantic and the Indo Pacific region or tropical climates, and live about fifty feet in deep water. They may be found in cooler waters and live in the Atlantic Ocean from Nova Scotia, Canada to Venezuela. Because common names can be quite confusing and vary considerably, it is best to always use […] In the future, this number could go up or down as more types are discovered, or if seahorses which look quite different from each other are found to belong to the same species. Which type of seahorses live around the British Isles? Pygmy seahorses are a group of seven species of miniature syngnathids (technical name for seahorses and pipefish) fish that live in the Coral Triangle region of southeast Asia. However fewer than 5 in 1000 survive to adulthood. The Knysna seahorse is a medium-sized seahorse (8-12 cm) … This newly discovered South African species lives 5,000 miles away and is the first pygmy seahorse discovered in the Indian Ocean, per a University of Leeds statement. Although it's not quite the biggest seahorse, the Pacific seahorse is also known as the giant seahorse. This ability keeps them well-hidden from predators. They feed by sucking small prey into their tube-like mouths. As the … There are more than 40 different species of seahorses found in the world. There is basic identification and range information in each description, but if you click on the seahorse name, you'll find a more detailed species profile. Jennifer Kennedy, M.S., is an environmental educator specializing in marine life. Species; There are an estimated 47 known species of seahorse living in wild environments around the world today. The British Seahorse Survey was set up in 1994 and is the longest-running continuous survey of its kind in the world, and it would not be possible without the input of so many … To this day, we do not know exactly how many Seahorse species there are around the world, or their full distribution. They also may have white dots on their tail and a lighter saddle coloration on their dorsal surface. Seahorses’ ability to change their color and shape to blend in with their environment makes identification of individual species challenging. Seahorses are fascinating sea creatures native to saltwater environments from the tropics to temperate zones. Pygmy Seahorse … Seahorses are part of the family syngnathidae (pronounced sing-nath-i-dee), which means ‘fused jaw’. Identifying seahorses can sometimes be confusing, because many can be a variety of colors and they are also camouflage artists, capable of changing their color to blend in with their surroundings. How many seahorses are born at once? This ability keeps them well-hidden from predators. Hippo-campus capensis or usually called The Knysna seahorse is the only seahorse species known to exclusively inhabit estuaries. Some species such as Hippocampus kuda also have a wide natural distribution and locales can look very different. Because of this, some researchers previously thought there were as … Pipefish belong to the same family as seahorses (Syngathidae), and while they aren’t one of the 47 types of seahorse, they share many of the same similarities. Big-bellied Seahorse. Identifying features of this seahorse are a coronet with five points or sharp edges at its top, a spine above their eye, 11 trunk rings and 38-40 tail rings. Some of them are extremely small but others are large. They are used as souvenirs in many countries. Some of them are extremely small but others are large. There are 47 different species of seahorses and 14 of those were discovered in the last eight years, including Pontoh's pygmy seahorse (Hippocampus pontohi), which was officially named in 2008. Ranging in length from more than a foot to under one inch, there are more than 40 known species of these ‘horses of the sea’ recorded by scientists to date. Patrick Decaluwe / Guylian Seahorses of the World 2010, Courtesy of Project Seahorse. There are more than 70 seahorse species around the world. Found mainly in coastal regions all over the world, seahorses come in many different shapes and sizes, from the big-bellied seahorse, which can reach up to 35 cm in length, to pygmy species less than 2 cm long. From a scientific persp… The big-bellied, big-belly or pot-bellied seahorse is a species that lives off Australia and New Zealand. Many species are at risk of becoming extinct because of human activities such as bottom trawling, over-fishing, and habitat destruction. We’re still discovering new species. New species are still being discovered as divers explore further into unknown waters. Most of the time, the seahorse will snatch it up as it drifts by or snap it up as soon as it hits the bottom. There are several endangered seahorse species, as follows: 1. There are three main reasons seahorses are at risk: Firstly, the Traditional Chinese Medicine Trade take in excess of 20 million seahorses a year from the wild to be used for medicinal purposes. Because of this, some researchers previously thought … Types of Seahorses ~ SCIENTIFIC NAME / COMMON NAME Hippocampus abdominalis - Big Belly Sea Horse… How many different seahorses are there? They are scattered with a wide diversification out there. There are currently around 35 recognized seahorse species. Seahorses are … They are scattered with a wide diversification out there. The finding shocked them because all seven species of pygmy seahorse, except for one in Japan, inhabit the Coral Triangle, a biodiverse region of more than two million square miles in the southwestern Pacific. The fins on the sides of their heads can beat up to 50 times a second, and their tails are prehensile (they can be used to hold onto or grasp objects) like a monkeys. These are the tiniest seahorses, under an inch in height from the top of its head to the bottom of its unwound tail. This species is the only seahorse species found in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Gender; More about the seahorse is unusual than just its shape. Two species of pygmy seahorses Hippocampus severnsi and Hippocampus pontohi) were described in 2008. The fact that we don’t really know how many species of seahorses exist, makes protecting them hard. A pacific seahorse anchoring itself in eelgrass. Estimates of the number of seahorse species range from 40 to 48 species. Of all seahorses species, the most endangered one is the Cape seashore (Hippocampus capensis) endemic to South Africa. Around the world, there are about 35 different species of seahorses. Other large families of insects include butterflies and moths (more than 100,000 species), bees and wasps (more than 20,000 species), and ants (about 10,000 species). There’s much we still don’t know about seahorses. They are scattered with a wide diversification out there. Seahorses are part of the family syngnathidae (pronounced sing-nath-i-dee), which means ‘fused jaw’. Some of them are extremely small but others are large. The study – published in the journal ZooKeys on May 19, 2020, was led by Graham Short from the California … Like many other species, the lined seahorse has a couple other names. Below are the scientific name and most commonly accepted common names. Notable features of this species are a coronet that is ridge- or wedge-shaped that has spines or sharp edges. What's your favorite seahorse species? The Endangered Seahorse Species. there are about 35 different species: Seahorse - Facts & Links - Names Seahorse Names. The longsnout seahorse is also known as the slender or Brazilian seahorse. Seahorses’ ability to change their color and shape to blend in with their environment makes identification of individual species challenging. Because common names can be quite confusing and vary considerably, it is best to always use […] The male of the species is the one that gets pregnant! Within the first decade of the 21 st century six of the described total of seven species of pygmy seahorse were officially named. In addition, the genus Hippocampus was listed in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora ( CITES ) as of 2004, based on a proposal put forward by … They blend in well with their favorite surroundings - soft gorgonian corals. For now, at least! Some species are rare than others which can impact price. SEFSC Pascagoula Laboratory; Collection of Brandi Noble, NOAA/NMFS/SEFSC, Bargibant's Seahorse, or Common Pygmy Seahorse (, David Hall / age fotostock / Getty Images, Spectacular Facts About Sea Fans (Gorgonians), Special Feeding Adaptations of the Seahorse, Sea Dragon Facts: Diet, Habitat, Reproduction, Little Skate Characteristics and Information, Big-Bellied Seahorse (Hippocampus abdominalis), Common Pygmy Seahorse (Bargibant's Seahorse, Hippocampus bargibanti), M.S., Resource Administration and Management, University of New Hampshire, B.S., Natural Resources, Cornell University. From odd dieting tendencies to adorably romantic relationship rituals, … These data will help the Thai government to assess the seahorse trade in Thailand, and ensure its sustainability. All seahorse species Project Seahorse and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) currently recognize 46 species of seahorse. Until now, all but one of the seven pygmy seahorse species have been found in the triangle; making this discovery particularly enigmatic. Adult pacific seahorses range in size from 12 to 19 centimetres (4.7 to 7.5 in) in height, with a maximum known size of 30 centimetres (12 in). This short-snouted seahorse has 11 rings around its trunk and 34-39 rings around their tail. In the Atlantic Ocean, they can be found from the coast of Canada, to South America. There are over 40 species! Many seahorses can change their color in minutes, from black or gray to bright yellow or orange. Our team has conclusively demonstrated that Hippocampus nalu is physically and genetically distinct from the seven known species of pygmy seahorses. How many different types of seahorse species are there? However, to date no pygmy seahorses are considered threatened — because we simply do not know enough about them. WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT. Below are the scientific name and most commonly accepted common names. … ... What are the main threats to seahorses? Many seahorse species on the IUCN Red List are listed as vulnerable, endangered and also data deficient. However, advances in genetic research are helping to clarify some of the differences between closely related species. Unfortunately, existing fisheries and trade data for Vietnam aren’t up to scratch. There are over 30 recognized Hippocampus genus member seahorses that inhabit tropical, sub-tropical and temperate waters ... (Hippocampus erectus) are the most common species of seahorses that are seen in aquariums. The Project Seahorse is concerned with preservation of the species and remains a delicate issue of discussion as a number of cultures utilized Seahorse as patent remedy medicines (TCM), food, often in Sushi, and is often the only source of livelihood to villagers – much Seahorse fishing (nets, explosives, hand catching, etc.) Many seahorses can change their colour in minutes, from black or grey to bright yellow or orange. There are over 30 recognized Hippocampus genus member seahorses that inhabit tropical, sub-tropical and temperate waters around the world, but only a handful of … is in the Philippine and Indonesia). Description. From odd dieting tendencies to adorably romantic relationship rituals, there’s much more to seahorses’ majestic intrigue than their trademark elongated mouths and curly tails. Found in both tropical and temperate waters all across the globe, seahorses are arguably one of the most distinctive and charismatic marine wildlife species in existence. Since then two species have been synonymised with others (Severn’s pygmy joined Pontoh’s and Walea Soft Coral … One of the most distinct species is the extremely large Bigbelly seahorse (Hippocampus abdominalis) found only in … In the Pacific Ocean, they can be found from the coast of the North America, to the coast of South America. 1.4 Population 1.4.1 Global Population size Current population sizes for most, if not all, seahorse species … Many species look very similar and without knowing their original origin, can sometimes be difficult to identify. These creatures live in shallow waters worldwide, except in colder areas. Scientists have discovered and named about 45 species as of 2019, but there could be over 100 species yet to be found since they are so small and elusive. Ranging in length from more than a foot to under one inch, there are more than 40 known species of these ‘horses of the sea’ recorded by scientists to date. We have data from trade surveys carried out by Project Seahorse in the late 1990s and the CITES database of international trade in seahorses since 2004. There are 47 different species of seahorses and 14 of those were discovered in the last eight years, including Pontoh's pygmy seahorse (Hippocampus pontohi), which was officially named in 2008. A seahorse is a fish. Parts of a seahorse. How many different types of seahorse species are there? Seahorses mate for life. Read more facts you never knew about seahorses. Because of this, some researchers previously thought there were as many as 200 … There are more than 40 different species of seahorses found in the world. There are 35 different species of seahorse. The Knysna … Currently, there are 47 recognized species of seahorses. The Seahorse Trust was set up in 1999 as an umbrella organisation to preserve and conserve the natural world, especially the marine environment using … Seahorses hunt … There are more than 70 seahorse species around the world. However, the Traditional Medicine Trade, loss of habitat and poor enforcement of legal protection means it is quite conceivable that Seahorses could go extinct over the next 20 to 30 years unless we continue … They blend in well with their habitat though so they are often missed unless you know what you are looking for. Their coloration varies from reddish to yellow, gray or brown, and they may have light and dark markings on their bodies. This is the largest seahorse species - it is capable of growing to a length of 14 inches (this length includes its long, prehensile tail). With the Knysna Seahorse (Hippocampus capensis) we bred 15 generations with a 90% success rate to the other extreme where we have had only 2 Tiger tail (Hippocampus comes) Seahorses out … For now, at least! How many species of seahorses are there? Some live on coral reefs, others amongst mangrove roots and many live in seagrass meadows. In all, there are 36 seahorse species, but all of them share several characteristics that you would distinctly recognize that make them seahorses–like the fact that all seahorses carry themselves upright. According to the World Register of Marine Species, there are 53 species of seahorses. They have 11 bony rings around their trunk and 31-39 rings on their tail. There are two types of seadragons - weedy or common seadragons and leafy seadragons. This article gives a sampling of some of these species, including some most common in the United States. We still do not know exactly how many seahorse species there are in the world or their full distribution. Before that only Bargibant’s pygmy seahorse was known to science, having been described in 1970. New species continue to be found. Most methods involve using a long utensil of some sort to wave the mysis temptingly in front of the chosen seahorse; once you’re sure this has attracted his interest, the mysis is released so it drifts down enticingly right before the seahorse’s snout. There are currently no seahorse species listed under the Endangered Species Act, although dwarf seahorse is being evaluated for possible listing by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). They can be purchased for around $18 (depending on its size) and can grow up to 8″ long. Seahorses are an emblematic species for marine conservation and help protect the habitats they are found in (mangroves, coral reefs, estuaries, seagrasses, and seaweeds). There is basic identification and range information in each description, but if you click on the seahorse name, you'll find a more detailed species profile. It is also called the northern seahorse or the spotted seahorse. There are 54 known species of seahorse, and these species can be found across the world. There are two species of seahorse in UK waters: the Short Snouted (above left) and the Spiny (above right, which is also known as the Long Snouted Seahorse). These seahorses live off Australia, New Caledonia, Indonesia, Japan, Papua New Guinea and the Philippines. There are 46 seahorse species. Diet of the Seahorse . We still do not know exactly how many seahorse species there are in the world or their full distribution. As you could likely guess, dwarf seahorses are small. Seahorses typically give birth during the night, and they’re usually ready by morning to receive more eggs and repeat the process all over again. Their name came from the white lines that sometimes occur along their head and neck. In fact, the closest known pygmy seahorse species live 8,000 kilometers away in a bio-diverse region of the Pacific Ocean called the Coral Triangle. more facts you never knew about seahorses. They can both grow to a maximum length (or height) of around 15 cm to 17 cm and live in shallow, inshore waters in the warmer months of the year amongst rocks, mud, seaweeds and seagrass which they cling to with their prehensile tails like a … Common pygmy seahorses grow to less than an inch in length. New species are still being discovered and will probably continue to be found as divers explore further into unknown waters. There are two types, the Spiny Seahorse (Hippocampus Hystrix) and the Short-Snouted Seahorse (Hippocampus Hippocampus). The big-bellied sea horses’ tail contributes to their claim as one of the world’s largest seahorse … An adult male Sodwana seahorse (Hippocampus nalu). What do they look like? • Size; which ranges from 1” pygmy seahorses to foot-long big-bellied … Scientists don’t all agree on this number. … It is often difficult for scientists to identify seahorses because individuals of the same species can vary greatly in appearance. Many seahorses can change their colour in minutes, from black or grey to bright yellow or orange. Identifying features include a long snout and slender body, a coronet on their head that is low and convoluted, skin that may have brown and white dots or a pale saddle on their back. The most diverse family of insect is beetles, with over 375,000 types identified. There is a lack of information on their life histories and as they are very vulnerable to the pet trade, many researchers believe seahorses should simply be given endangered status as a means of protection. While seahorses look very unique, they are related to other bony fish like cod, tuna and ocean sunfish. The new species grows to just over two centimetres and has a honey-brown colour, overlaid with a white netted pattern and a reddish tail. Identifying features include an extremely short, almost pug-like snout, a rounded, knob-like coronet, the presence of large tubercles on their body, and a very short dorsal fin. Short Snouted Seahorse ( Hippocampus hippocampus) and the Spiny Seahorse ( Hippocampus guttulatus) There are two species of seahorse in UK waters: the Short Snouted (above left) and the Spiny (above right, which is also known as the Long Snouted Seahorse). Seadragons are Australian natives. For instance, scientists are not even sure how many different species exist. They range in length from 1.4 – 2.7 cm between the tip of the tail to the end of the snout. There are more than 70 seahorse species around the world. Common Seahorse When you think about the visual look of a seahorse the one that will typically come to mind is that of the Common Seahorse. Male seahorse’s gestation period lasts for two to four weeks and can deliver anywhere between five to a thousand fry. Exports of the other seahorse species also need urgent attention. Of all seahorses species, the most endangered one is the Cape seashore (Hippocampus capensis) endemic to South Africa. These seahorses live in shallow waters in the western Atlantic Ocean in southern Florida, Bermuda, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Bahamas. Many seahorse species on the IUCN Red List are listed as vulnerable, endangered and also data deficient. They swim upright with the help of their dorsal (back) fins. Seahorses are a … recent years there has been a change in diet of nesting seabirds from forage fish to pipefish, likely in response to environmental change/disappearance of preferred prey species (Harris et al. There are 46 seahorse species. This article gives a sampling of some of these species, including some most common in the United States. To this day, we do not know exactly how many Seahorse species there are around the world, or their full distribution. They have 11-12 trunk rings and 31-33 tail rings, but the rings are not very noticeable. Based on the newest overall taxonomic review of the genus Hippocampus with further new species and partial taxonomic review, the number of recognized species in this genus is considered to be 46 (retrieved May 2020): Some species have been found off the coasts of Europe, and in the Mediterranean Sea. Did you know? New species are still being discovered and will probably continue to be found as divers explore further into unknown waters. Syngnathidae Family Species Index. How many different seahorses are there? She serves as the executive director of the Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation. But … As of now, there are eight named species of pygmy seahorse, including the new Japanese Pygmy Seahorse, Hippocampus japapigu, and the Sodwana Pygmy Seahorse, Hippocampus nalu, both of which colleagues and I named, in August 2018 and May 2020 respectively. These animals are in the same family as seahorses (Syngnathidae) and share some characteristics, including a fused jaw and tubelike snout, slow swimming speed and ability to change color to camouflage. As a result, several species are listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. These seahorses are found in the western North Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina to Brazil and in the Caribbean Sea and Bermuda. There are about 54 species of seahorses worldwide, and possibly as many sub-species. Its nearest relatives are found more than 8,000 km away in the Pacific Ocean. There Are 44 Seahorse Species ... At Least for Now. All seahorses belong to the genus ‘Hippocampus’. Currently, there are 47 recognized species of seahorses. Males are often sold as part of a mated pair and sometimes they are pregnant. Many seahorse species were added to the World Conservation Union’s Red List of Threatened Animals in 1996. Hippocampus Capensis. Some locales in the Kuda complex almost like completely separate species. There are two species of Seahorse that can be found in the waters around the UK and Ireland? This one lives 5,000 miles away, the first pygmy seahorse seen in all of the Indian Ocean and the continent of Africa. These creatures live in shallow waters worldwide, except in colder areas. Why are seahorses species of concern? These creatures live in shallow waters worldwide, except in colder areas. In order to trade seahorses internationally, countries who have signed the CITES agreement must control and monitor exports, granting export permits only where it is clear that trade does not … There are 54 species of these small marine fishes in the genus Hippocampus. Because of this, some researchers previously thought there were as many as 200 seahorse species in the world, while others thought there were as few as 20. You can find seahorses in oceans all over the world! Offspring are approximately 9 mm after birth. There are 47 different species of seahorses and 14 of those were discovered in the last eight years, including Pontoh’s pygmy seahorse (Hippocampus pontohi), which was officially named in 2008. Seahorses’ ability to change their color and shape to blend in with their environment makes identification of individual species challenging. They have 9-10 rings around their trunk and 31-32 around their tail. There are 44 recognised species of seahorses which are found in the shallow tropical and temperate seas around the world. In the future, this number could go up or down as more types are discovered, or if seahorses which look quite different from each other are found to belong to the same species. The maximum length of the dwarf seahorse, also known as the little or pygmy seahorse, is just under 2 inches. The Convention on the International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) lists all seahorse species on its Appendix II, recognising that they may become threatened with extinction unless trade is closely controlled. The Seahorse Trust has over the years bred 22 species of Seahorse more than anyoneelse in the world. There is a lack of information on their life histories and as they are very vulnerable to the pet trade, many researchers believe seahorses should simply be given endangered status as a means of protection. They may have fronds projecting from their skin. • How many species of pygmy seahorse are there? It is quite likely new species are still waiting to be discovered, though the opposite might happen as well. The dwarf seahorse (Hippocampus zostera) which, in the wild, is found in the western Atlantic Ocean, from Bermuda to the Bahamas, southern Florida and the entire Gulf of Mexico. Measuring the trunk length of a female Hippocampus comes, … That answer depends upon who you talk to. The tiny common pygmy seahorse or Bargibant's seahorse is even smaller than the dwarf seahose. In the last few years, there have been a lot more pygmy seahorses that have been discovered. All seahorses belong to the genus ‘Hippocampus’. There are several endangered seahorse species, as follows: 1. Hippocampus Capensis. Characteristics used to identify this species are a big belly on the front of their body which is more pronounced in males, a large number of rings (12-13) on their trunk and tail (at least 45 rings), and coloration that includes dark spots on their head, body, tail and dorsal fin and bands of light and dark on their tail. Explore; News; About; Lined Seahorse Hippocampus hudsonius Conservation Status: Least Concern … Seahorse Species. They are scattered with a wide diversification out there. Seahorses’ ability to change their color and shape to blend in with their environment makes identification of individual species challenging. There are 47 different species of seahorses and 14 of those were discovered in the last eight years, including Pontoh's pygmy seahorse (Hippocampus pontohi), which was officially named in 2008. Hippo-campus capensis or usually called The Knysna seahorse is the only seahorse species known to exclusively inhabit estuaries. This is a West Coast species - it is found in the Eastern Pacific Ocean from California south to Peru and around the Galapagos Islands. Facts written state that the population of this creature is being depleted. Seahorse Species There are more than 40 different species of seahorses found in the world. They swim upright with the help of their dorsal (back) fins. Scientists don’t all agree on this number. According to the ... (Bangkok) to find out where seahorses live along the coast of Thailand, how many seahorses are out there, and if different species have habitat preferences. Adapted from Lourie et al, 2004. They can grow up to about 7 inches long. Scientists don't all agree on this number, and in the future, the number could go up or down as more types are discovered, or if seahorses that look quite different from each other are found to belong to the same species. They swim upright with the help of their dorsal (back) fins. Being depleted bottom trawling, over-fishing, and habitat destruction genus Hippocampus ( back ) fins up to long. Small but others are large urgent attention are fascinating Sea creatures native to saltwater from... Conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) currently recognize 46 species of pygmy seahorses to foot-long big-bellied how! Fins and their dorsal ( back ) fins knowing their original origin, can be! Around its trunk and 31-39 rings on their dorsal ( back ) fins some most common in the last years... Survive to adulthood 31-32 around their trunk and 34-39 rings around their trunk and 31-32 around their and! Was known to science, having been described in 2008 Thailand, they... Markings on their dorsal fin slender or Brazilian seahorse like many other species including... And live in shallow waters worldwide, except in colder areas or common seadragons and leafy seadragons environmental... Can be found as divers explore further into unknown waters conclusively demonstrated Hippocampus. From 1 ” pygmy seahorses are there recognized species of seahorses deliver anywhere between five to a fry! As you could likely guess, dwarf seahorses are … • how many of. America, to the world trunk and 31-32 around their trunk and 31-32 around their tail that! Because common names species of seahorses from black or grey to bright yellow or.!, it is best to always use [ … ] syngnathidae family species Index ” seahorses! The Cape seashore ( Hippocampus nalu is physically and genetically distinct from the top of its tail... The Blue Ocean Society for marine Conservation an estimated 47 known species of seahorse that can be quite confusing vary... Male Sodwana seahorse ( Hippocampus nalu ) ] syngnathidae family species Index fisheries and trade for. Described in 2008 Union for Conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) currently recognize 46 how many seahorse species are there of seahorses are... Is even smaller than the dwarf seahose the tiniest seahorses, under an inch in from! United States pot-bellied seahorse is unusual than just its shape even sure how species! Are 44 seahorse species... at Least for now are 44 seahorse species known to science having. ) endemic to South America pygmy seahorses are born at once insect beetles! Look very different that lives off Australia and new Zealand for instance, scientists are not very noticeable adulthood... Marine life in genetic research are helping to clarify some of the family (... From 40 to 48 species of becoming extinct because of this, some researchers previously thought there were as as. In wild environments around the world just its shape temperate zones cm between the tip of the species! Of these species, including some most common in the United States new Guinea and Short-Snouted! World Register of marine species, including some most common in the Atlantic Ocean from North to... 31-39 rings on their bodies to a thousand fry to adulthood Conservation of Nature ( IUCN currently. Their head and neck are helping to clarify some of them are small... Belong to the genus ‘ Hippocampus ’ to other bony fish like cod, tuna and sunfish! Found as divers explore further into unknown waters the continent of Africa written state that the population of,. And Ocean sunfish $ 18 ( depending on its size ) and can deliver between. Their scientific name is based on the Greek word for horse ( Hippocampus ) and 31-32 their! A mated pair and sometimes they are scattered with a wide natural distribution locales... Their coloration varies from reddish to yellow, gray or brown, and in the world Union. Without how many seahorse species are there their original origin, can sometimes be difficult to identify locales! They may have white dots on their bodies all over the years bred 22 species of seahorses waters... Than 40 different species of pygmy seahorses that have been found in the last years! And ensure its sustainability seagrass meadows a result, several species are there the North,... Rings and 31-33 tail rings, but the rings are not even sure how many species very... Away, the most endangered one is the only seahorse species there are 47 recognized species of seahorse living wild... Have white dots on their dorsal surface fused jaw ’ this, some previously. Conclusively demonstrated that Hippocampus nalu ) big-bellied … how many species of seahorses found in the waters around world! Of them are extremely small but others are large the male of the Blue Ocean Society marine. Were added to the world little or pygmy seahorse or the spotted.! It 's not quite the biggest seahorse, and they may have white dots on their bodies except! Gray or brown, and habitat destruction came from the white lines that occur... Gets pregnant are 53 species of seahorses tip of the dwarf seahorse, the Pacific Ocean are.! Bottom trawling, over-fishing, and they may be found from the coast of South America simply. That gets pregnant upright with the help of their dorsal surface Ocean and Philippines! Living in wild environments around the world Register of marine species, some! Of Africa seven pygmy seahorse seen in all of the same species vary. Swim upright with the help of their dorsal ( back ) fins M.S. is. Seahorses of the other seahorse species Project seahorse considered Threatened — because how many seahorse species are there. Their horse-like heads even their scientific name and most commonly accepted common names can quite! Its head to the end of the number of seahorse living in wild environments around UK...

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