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The Immortal Soul: Ideas of Socrates, Plato & Augustine Further Research. Plato was a pupil of Socrates, after the death of Socrates he went on to rebuild his dialogues, these dialogues recounted the beliefs Socrates had in regards to immortality of the soul. b. the immortality of the soul and the preexistence of the soul are two different ways of talking about the same concept. Compare And Contrast Plato And Hume And Immortality Of The Soul. Since the moment of death is the final separation of soul and body, a philosopher should see it as the realization of his aim. immortality of the soul, both Plato and Hume must rely on analogy. Gallop, D. “Plato’s ‘Cyclical Argument’ Recycled.” Phronesis 27 (1982) 207-222. Unlike the body, the soul is immortal, so it will survive death. The immortality of the soul. PLATO’S ARGUMENTS FOR THE IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL IV: THE INDESTRUCTABLE DEATHLESS ARGUMENT (FROM PHAEDO 105C-107A) Then tell me, what must be present in a body to make it alive? The Phaedo takes places in 399 BC at the scene of the final days of Socrates’ life. These are; the Argument from Opposites (Cyclical Argument), the Theory of Recollection, the Argument from Affinity and the Argument from Form of Life (the Final Argument). During the paper, I will explain Plato’s view towards the immortality of the soul, which argument of Plato’s is the strongest to defending his claim, then I will talk about three arguments as to why I believe there is an immortal soul within each human being. Plato - A Dualist View Dualism - Plato was a dualist, meaning he believed in two separate entities when it came to body & soul Plato suggested that the soul is immortal while the body is mortal, at the end of life the soul is set free from the body The soul's destination is… Plato would have us believe that the soul is immortal. The theory of recollection on the same imply that the immortality of the soul means that only the body is mortal, but the soul persists before and after one ceases to live (Elon University, 2014). The Argument for the Immortality of the Soul from Indestructibility (608c-612a) A note of caution: Plato wrote dialogues not treatises. Death (PHIL 176)The discussion of Plato's Phaedo continues, presenting more arguments for the existence and immortality of the soul. The four previous posts were an introduction, the cyclical argument, the argument from recollection, and the argument from affinity. Overview. Overview. Something cannot become its opposite while… Immortal meaning that after death the soul continues to live on. The third argument, known as the Argument from Affinity, distinguishes between those things that are immaterial, invisible, and immortal, and those things that are material, visible, and perishable. In this work, Phaedo tells us about Socrates’ final days, who has been convicted to … So Socrates launches his most elaborate and final argument for the immortality of the soul, which concludes that since life belongs to soul essentially, the soul must be deathless — that is, immortal. The philosophical subject of the dialogue is the immortality of the soul. Lecture 9 - Plato, Part IV: Arguments for the Immortality of the Soul (cont.) Plato’s 1st argument for the Immortality of the Soul from opposites and Theory of Reincarnation Plato’s Phaedo is a dialog between Phaedo, Cebes and Simmias where Socrates gives some arguments for the immortality of the soul. Lecture 8 - Plato, Part III: Arguments for the Immortality of the Soul (cont.) Plato, being a rationalist, argues that the soul is immortal and is comparable to a form, for it is invisible and incomposite, unlike material objects. Phaedo, Apology, Euthyphro and Crito are known as tetralogy as they deal with the trial and eventual death of Socrates. ... Christians tried to reconcile the dualism of Plato – the belief in a soul distinct from the body – with the ideas of Aristotle. His dialogue Phaedo is mainly concerned with these arguments; Cebes, the person who is in dialogue with Socrates, suggests that perhaps the soul just disappears, like smoke, into nothingness when the body dies, and he asks for some kind of persuasive argument to justify Socrates’ belief in the immortality of the soul. All following references will refer to the Phaedo. Matthen, M. “Forms and Participants in Plato’s Phaedo.” Noûs 18:2 (1984) 281-297. It goes hand to hand with the application of the theory of forms to the question of the soul's immortality, as Plato constantly reminds us, the theory of forms is the most certain of all his theories. Within every person, there is an immortal soul. In writing and preaching about the immortal soul doctrine, the early church fathers used as their source, not Scripture, but Plato. One of the key elements separating Socrates and Plato from Augustine is the element of Christianity. One of the doctrines that hold that the soul does exist is called ‘ dualism ’; its name comes from the fact that it postulates that human beings are made up of two substances: body and soul. Thus, Plato’s theory deals with only the rational and the struggle of the soul’s immortality, it does not explain the facts and true functions of the soul. It has four main issues or arguments which Socrates presents as a way of proving the immortality of the soul. The Phaedo stands alongside the Republic as the most philosophically dense dialogue of Plato's middle period. Plato 's final argument in Phaedo for the immortality of the soul is one of the most interesting topics of all time. In essence, Phaedo is an explanation of immortality of the soul, as put across by Plato. So whenever soul takes possession of a body, it always brings life with it? Socrates offers four arguments to support the soul’s immortality: Hence, the assumptions made by Plato concerning the immortality of the human soul are dependent on how each individual perceives the concept of the existence of the soul. Plato's Four Arguments for the Immortality of the Soul from the Phaedo part 4 4- Argument from Causation through Forms (Form of Life) (102b-107b) Objection: The soul pre-exists, but even if it continues after death, it might not be immortal; it might eventually wear out and perish. Of course. This will be shown, by analyzing the arguments that Plato used to show this fact. After dealing with his interlocutors objections, Socrates constructs a final argument as follows: 1. This argument implies that the soul must have existed prior to birth, which in turn implies that the soul’s life extends beyond that of the body’s. But, a major area of discussion in the philosophy of mind is the existence of the soul. Christian ideas were in some ways identical to Neoplatonic ones. 1. Christians found truth in otherwise pagan concepts, such as the immortality of the soul and the immateriality of God. The dialogue is primarily an argument for the immortality of the soul that Socrates is trying to convince his grief-ridden colleagues, and maybe indeed himself, of in order to prove that his execution is merely the separation of his soul from his body… and not his actual ‘death’. Is this always so? Plato has precisely cited Socrates’ arguments on Immortality in his seventh and last dialogue ‘Phaedo’. Professor Kagan elaborates on the “argument from simplicity” and discusses in detail Plato’s claims that the soul is simple, changeless and therefore indestructible. It will become clear that the arguments fall short in proving his theory. The purpose of the philosophical life is to free the soul from the needs of the body. This is the fifth and final post on Plato's arguments for the immortality of the soul. The argument of whether the soul exists has been debated for years and even today. This paper will use as its reference the Phaedo, written by Plato. In one of Plato's arguments for the immortality of the soul, a key assumption is that. In the Phaedo, Plato offers four arguments for the immorality of the soul.. As a proof that the soul persists after death, Socrates offers a cyclical argument. It contains the first extended discussion of the Theory of Forms, four arguments for the immortality of the soul, and strong arguments in favor of the philosophical life. Argument 1: The Argument from Opposites (70b-72d) (1) If the souls of the living come only from the dead, then the souls of men who have died must exist in the underworld. Phaedo is one of the great dialogues by Plato that portrays Socrates’ final days and his discussion on the Immortality of the Soul. The lecture focuses exclusively on one argument for the immortality of the soul from Plato’s Phaedo, namely, “the argument from simplicity.”Plato suggests that in order for something to be destroyed, it must have parts, that is, it must be possible to “take it apart.” On the first argument for the soul’s immortality (69e-72e) and its relation to the other arguments. a. there is no difference between earthly existence and the afterlife. “And it is also to be observed that none of such early Christian writers ever sought for support for this doctrine by primary appeal to Scripture, but had recourse instead to arguments similar to those used by Plato” (Froom, 954). Phædo or Phaedo (/ ˈ f iː d oʊ /; Greek: Φαίδων, Phaidōn [pÊ°aídɔːn]), also known to ancient readers as On The Soul, is one of the best-known dialogues of Plato's middle period, along with the Republic and the Symposium. Yes, it does. Soul. Human beings seem always to have had some notion of a shadowy double that survives the death of the body. The only escape, Socrates proposed, is to acknowledge that we already know what we need to know. Plato's final argument in Phaedo for the immortality of the soul is one of the most interesting topics of all time. He draws inspiration from the Greek myth that as the bowels of Hades are filled with the souls of the dead, so too is the land of the living repopulated from Hades. This is the doctrine of recollection, Plato's conviction that our most basic knowledge comes when we bring back to mind our acquaintance with eternal realities during a previous existence of the soul. Plato’s arguments take for granted that souls exist; he only attempts to prove that they are immortal. An Analytic Outline of Plato's Phaedo Brian B. Clayton THE FIRST THREE IMMORTALITY ARGUMENTS IN THE "PHAEDO" 1. to fully establish the immortality of the soul, and is considered by Plato to be unobjectionable and certain. The Final Proof of the Immortality of the Soul in Plato's Phaedo 102a - 107a DOROTHEA FREDE Among the arguments presented by Socrates as proofs for the everlasting-ness of the human soul the last one has greatly puzzled philosophers because it seems that, in opposition to the earlier arguments,' Plato con-sidered this last argument conclusive. Discusses Plato’s argument concerning equals at 74b7-c6. Like his third argument Plato’s Final Argument addresses the question of what the relation is between the seemingly divine and immortal ideas and the soul. Socrates provides four arguments for believing the soul is immortal. 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